Chadron State offers a well-rounded athletic program for the benefit of both the student body and the general public. Intercollegiate competition is available in football, basketball, wrestling, track and field and cross country for men and volleyball, basketball, track and field, cross country, golf and softball for women. The Eagles belong to the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference and NCAA Division II. Intramurals are available for men, women and coed teams in a variety of activities. The college also has a strong Physical Education Department that annually produces outstanding teachers and coaches. Physical education, fitness and recreational activities on the Chadron State campus benefit greatly from the Nelson Physical Activity Center, one of the region’s outstanding multi-use facilities.
Club Sports include Rodeo and Men's and Women's Rugby.
Chadron State College has a wonderful Intramurals program with a wide range of activities.